infinite naps

i'm a loafer not a fighter

Jon Hamm photographed for Vanity Fair, 2014.

How do we decipher sex in everyday life?
By Lisa Wade, PhD
In Michael Kimmel’s sociology of gender textbook, The Gendered Society, he offers us the two pictures above and asks us to decide, based on our gut-level reactions, whether the two individuals pictured are male or female.
If you are like most people, you find, perhaps to your own bewilderment, that the first individual seems male despite the female pubic hair pattern and apparent female genitalia and the second individual seems female despite the presence of a penis and scrotum.
Kimmel suggests that this is because, in our daily life, we habitually judge individuals as male or female on the basis of their secondary sex characteristics (e.g., body shape, facial hair, breasts) and social cues (e.g., hair length) and not, so much, their primary sex characteristics (i.e., their genitalia).
In that sense, Kimmel argues, social cues and secondary sex characteristics “matter” more when it comes to social interaction and gender is really about gender (socially constructed ideas about masculinity and femininity), not so much about sex (penises and vaginas).
Images borrowed the images from Gender: An Ethnomethodological Approach, by Kessler and McKenna.  University of Chicago Press. Originally posted in 2009.
Lisa Wade is a professor of sociology at Occidental College and the co-author of Gender: Ideas, Interactions, Institutions. You can follow her on Twitter and Facebook.

my celebrity look-a-like is hank hill I’m so bummed out

You know what I call it?…


do not fix your dark circles let the world know youre tired of its shit and ready to kill a man


what on earth did i do to deserve recieving such a horrible message

"Upsetting tradition is justifiable; putting virtually nothing in its place is not."